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Which BA is best for UPSC?

Do you aspire to contribute to the nation’s growth by joining the civil services? Becoming a civil servant with the UPSC can be both challenging and rewarding. Choosing a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree as the first step offers a solid foundation and myriad benefits for those considering this path. Most UPSC aspirants choose to pursue a BA or Bachelor of Arts degree because it best matches the requirements of civil services exams. The curriculum of BA courses and the subjects that the degree covers, such as Law, Political Science, History, Economics, Public Administration, and the like, are best deemed relevant to the civil services domain.

Let’s explore why opting for a BA can be the ideal starting point in preparing for the UPSC examinations and what are the best BA majors for UPSC preparation. 

Bachelor of Arts for UPSC 

As stated earlier, a majority of students preparing for UPSC as a career path prefer to take up a Bachelor of Arts, or BA, as a suitable degree. Here are 5 reasons for their degree choice:

  1. BA subjects best align with the UPSC syllabus’s prelims and mains. Students intending to prepare for the civil services should ideally have a fair knowledge of subjects such as Political Science, History, Geography, Philosophy, or Public Administration. These subjects generally have direct relevance to civil services and are therefore considered ideal for UPSC studies.
  1. BA degree gives more focus to humanities. This is exactly the focal point of the syllabus covered for IAS exams. UPSC preparations emphasize more on social sciences and the subjects covered in the Humanities domain, which are well covered by BA study programs.
  1. BA courses facilitate enhanced preparation for General Studies, a pivotal component of the UPSC curriculum. The subjects covered in BA programs perfectly match those taught in General Studies and the Optional (Elective) syllabus for the civil services exam, which is very helpful for BA students aspiring to prepare for UPSC after that. 
  1. BA courses enable a seamless transition from the world of academia to real-world administrative services. This is because both BA and UPSC curriculums are so well integrated that students who choose to pursue a BA gain comprehensive knowledge of the subjects covered in UPSC exams right from the first year of their graduation. This gives them a competitive edge over their peers when sitting for civil services exams. 
  1. BA is the perfect foundation stone for students to build their expertise for UPSC. When you start learning the topics covered in the UPSC syllabus early on in BA study programs, you get sufficient time to delve deeper into the topics later on when pursuing UPSC. This allows you to build your expertise in these areas. 

Best BA majors for UPSC preparation

We have already established that taking up a BA is the ideal option for UPSC aspirants among all the streams pursued at the undergraduate level. Let us now look at the recommended BA majors for UPSC success.

Among the various subjects you can choose to major in for your Bachelor’s, BA Political Science is one of the best options for UPSC preparations. The comprehensive curriculum covers an array of subjects crucial for UPSC, including governance, international relations, public administration, and constitutional law. Furthermore, the analytical and critical thinking skills honed during the course greatly benefit aspirants in navigating the complex landscape of UPSC examinations.

Some of the other options considered by students for BA majors that could prove helpful in UPSC preparations include:

  • BA Public Administration
  • BA History
  • BA Geography
  • BA Philosophy
  • BA Economics

All of these subjects have direct relevance to civil services and also tend to overlap with the syllabus prescribed for civil services exams. Students choosing to major in any of the above subjects have the advantage of getting a fair idea of the concept before appearing for the UPSC exams. 

How to start preparing for UPSC after the 12th?

Students interested in appearing for and qualifying through the UPSC exams after completing class 12 must prepare a clear strategy to achieve their goal. Below are a few helpful tips:

  • Understand the eligibility criteria: The first step in preparing for UPSC is to clearly understand the eligibility requirements for the exam. Listed below are the key UPSC exam eligibility for different BA majors:
  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
  • They should be aged between 21 and 32 years of age (General category), 35 years (OBC category), 37 years (SC/ST category), and 42 years (PWD category).
  • They must have either completed their graduation from a university recognized by the government or are in their final year.
  • Choose your UG degree wisely: It is crucial to make a wise choice concerning the degree you choose to pursue at the undergraduate level if you plan to pursue UPSC ahead. The syllabus for the UPSC exam generally includes subjects like History, Political Science, Mathematics, Geography, and the like. It would, therefore, be helpful to choose a Bachelor’s degree in similar subjects that overlap with the UPSC curriculum so that your UG degree perfectly aligns with the latter. A BA degree in Political Science, Economics, History, Geography, or similar subjects is the perfect choice for UPSC.
  • Understand the UPSC syllabus: Before proceeding with preparing for the UPSC exams, it is important to familiarize yourself with the syllabus and general examination pattern. This will help you know what exactly to focus on during your preparation. 
  • Consider taking coaching: It is best to seek professional assistance while preparing for civil services. Considering that the competition is tough, it’d be helpful to join UPSC exam coaching from a professional institute. Your teachers would be better able to guide you and hand-hold you to success. 
  • Read up on success stories of UPSC toppers with BA degrees: These would help encourage you and boost your confidence and morale to appear for the exam. It also gives you a clearer picture of which BA major can help you climb the success ladder with UPSC.

Is an online degree valid for UPSC?

Absolutely. Online undergraduate degrees are valid and accepted while appearing for UPSC exams. The only condition that applies here is that the online Bachelor’s degree must be recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC). 

UGC-approved degrees, even though secured online or through distance education programs, are generally recognized by governments, thereby opening up paths for civil services for students. In addition, online BA degrees are indeed helpful for students preparing for UPSC. Listed below are a few ways how UPSC aspirants can benefit from online BA degrees:

  •  Greater flexibility: Online learning enables students to choose flexible study times at their convenience. This allows them to comfortably pursue their BA degrees while charting out dedicated time to prepare for UPSC.
  • Easy affordability: Online study programs are generally easier on the pocket as compared to offline courses. Pursuing an online BA can, therefore, help you save up for UPSC coaching or examination fees, books, study materials, and the like.
  • Personalized guidance: Online classes can help students receive one-on-one personalized assistance and mentorship from teachers via email, video calls, etc. This helps clarify any doubts they may have and helps them understand concepts better than they do in group classes.
  • Wider access to knowledge: Online learning opens doors to many useful resources available on the internet. Students can learn more concepts about their BA major and also find other relevant information for UPSC preparations through YouTube videos and other similar knowledge hubs.  


Bachelor of Arts is indeed the best choice for UPSC aspirants, helping them better understand in detail the subjects taught in the UPSC syllabus since these are quite similar to those taught in BA courses. Besides, pursuing BA online is a much better choice than doing it the traditional way (offline) as it would allow you more time to focus on your UPSC preparation. 

Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) offers online BA courses on the Online Manipal platform to students all over. The program is offered with a combination of 3 primary subjects – Political Science, Sociology, and English – all of which are particularly useful and find a place in the UPSC syllabus as well. Sikkim Manipal University is accredited with an A+ grade by NAAC, and its online BA course is UGC-entitled. This makes it easily validated and accepted by governments across the world, opening up lucrative career paths for UPSC candidates.   

Best colleges that offer BCA without math

Several colleges offer BCA programs that do not mandate mathematics as a prerequisite. Opting for a BCA degree can open up a multitude of opportunities in the sphere of computer applications and IT. In a concise timeframe of three years, students can build the requisite knowledge and skills vital for a profession as a system analyst, web developer, software developer, data administrator, and beyond. Nonetheless, many students often question where they can pursue BCA without a foundation in mathematics. Let’s explore in detail the colleges providing BCA programs without mathematics.

Top colleges offering BCA without math

The most common doubt amongst most candidates is that they cannot pursue BCA if they do not take up math as a subject in their 10+2 examinations. Despite common misconceptions, numerous prestigious colleges provide admissions to students who wish to pursue a BCA degree without a background in mathematics. As long as these students meet the eligibility requirements set by these institutions, they remain eligible to choose BCA as their field of study. Following are the admission criteria for BCA without mathematics at top colleges:

Name of the collegeEligibility criteria
Manipal UniversityShould clear the 10+2 or A levels or IB examinations in any discipline with at least 50%.
Christ UniversityShould pass the 10+2 level examinations from a recognized board in India. Should possess 3 HL and 3 SL along with 24 credits if following the IB curriculum. Should have a minimum of 3 A-levels and a grade not less than C if pursuing GCE/Edexcel.
Lovely Professional UniversityShould pass the 10+2 examination with English or an equivalent subject and have at least a minimum of 50% marks. 
Symbiosis Institute12th board exams need to be cleared from recognized boards.              ORAny government-approved Diploma in Engineering or Technology from recognized boards with at least 50% or a similar grade.
Indian School of Business Management and Administration Should have successfully cleared the 10+2 examination from a recognized board. Applicants will also have to appear for a special math paper during the course in 3 attempts. 
Kurukshetra UniversityShould have passed successfully the 10+2 level examinations from any field: Art, Science, Commerce; with at least 50%.
Madurai UniversityShould have successfully cleared the Higher Secondary level examinations undertaken by the Tamil Nadu government or any other similar exam.
Guru Gobind Singh IP UniversityShould have successfully cleared the 10+2 level examinations from the CBSE board or similar with at least 50%.
KCC InstitutesClear the 10+2 level examinations with a minimum percentage of 50%. 

Important Note: All appearing students must qualify for the entrance examination (Admission criteria) of the respective institute to secure admission under the BCA course. 

After conducting a comprehensive comparison of BCA programs without math in different colleges, candidates can enroll themselves in the course. 

Career opportunities for BCA graduates without math

Following the completion of their BCA degree, candidates have the following top career options:

  • Web designing: BCA alums can pursue a career in web design, producing aesthetically pleasing and intuitive websites. 
  • Software development: After graduation, one can concentrate on developing software programs, resolving practical issues, and improving user experiences.
  • Database administration: Organizations must manage their databases. BCA program graduates can focus on database management, which guarantees efficient retrieval, security, and integrity of data.
  • System administration: System administrators look after and fix servers, networks, and computer systems. Their function is critical to the efficient operation of IT.
  • IT consulting: BCA alums can offer firms insightful advice on maximizing their IT strategy, processes, and infrastructure.
  • Digital marketing: BCA grads can succeed in this field by having a solid understanding of both technology and marketing ideas. 
  • E-commerce and cloud management: As e-commerce and cloud services become more popular, BCA grads can help with online platforms and cloud infrastructure management.

Companies hiring BCA without math freshers

You’ve gotten your BCA degree without math, but now what? Students are often skeptical about job placement after graduating from colleges offering BCA programs without mathematics. However, many companies are willing to hire freshers who have pursued an online BCA without mathematics. Have a look at the following table to learn about career prospects and placement opportunities for BCA graduates without math:

Company nameHiring requirementsAnnual salary package for freshers
InfosysA minimum of 60% should be earned overall in the 10th and 12th grades (or diploma).Should be a BCA graduate.gap of not more than 2 years in their education. Should have scored a minimum percentage of 60% in graduation.It should have zero backlogs.Up to 3.2 lakhs per annum
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)It should have no more than one backlog. Should be a BCA graduate.Gap of not more than 2 years in education. Graduated with at least 50%.Graduated with a full-time degree that is recognized by the Central or State Government of India.3.5 to 4 lakhs per annum
WiproBCA freshers without a mathematics background can join Wipro’s Work Integrated Learning program.In this program, individuals can engage in collaborative projects, thereby acquiring significant work experience and knowledge.60% on the common exams for grades 10 and 12 (or a certificate).At least 60% in your graduation and, if relevant, post-graduate courses.Should have graduated with a full-time degree which is recognized by the Central or State Government of India. 3 to 4 lakhs per annum
AccentureMaximum gap of one year in education. Should possess a minimum of 65% in graduation or more than 6.5 CGPA. Should have graduated with a degree conducted in full-time mode recognized by the Central or State Government of India.4.5 to 4.6 lakhs per annum.
TechMahindraStudents must possess more than 60% in 10th and 12th (or diploma).Candidates must have obtained a minimum of 60% in graduation and postgraduation (if applicable). Should have completed his or her graduation in full-time mode recognized by the Central or State Government of India.1.1 to 3 lakhs per annum   

Take your career forward with Online Manipal

Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ) offers top-class, high-level BCA courses for aspiring candidates. It also provides the facility for aspiring candidates to obtain an online BCA without mathematics. MUJ offers a computer education like no other and enables students to learn at their own pace with the use of enhanced digital platforms in the presence of experienced faculty. After completing your online BCA degree, Manipal University Jaipur also offers world-class facilities for online MCA (Masters of Computer Applications). If you want to pursue an online BCA without mathematics, then there’s no place better than MUJ.


Contrary to popular belief, many top colleges offer BCA degrees without mathematics. Once a student meets the specific admission criteria for BCA without mathematics at top colleges, they can pursue the course without any concerns. A BCA without math is a very promising degree if one is able to graduate in that domain from a promising institution. One of the key tips to pursue a BCA without math from a promising institute is to conduct a thorough comparison of BCA programs offered by different colleges. Candidates can achieve great heights after pursuing their graduation in this domain.

Diverse industries you can work for after a BA degree

As various industries grapple with the complexities of globalization, technological advancements, and shifting societal paradigms, the demand for a professional with a Bachelor of Arts background has intensified. Whether it is education, business, healthcare, technology, government, or non-profit organizations, the versatility of BA graduates is increasingly regarded as an invaluable asset.  

An online Bachelor of Arts degree opens job doors, as it equips you with a diverse skill set. If pursued from a prestigious university like Sikkim Manipal University (SMU), an online BA degree program can make one capable to adapt, innovate, and thrive in the ever-changing and modern professional sphere. 

Here, we discuss the exciting career options after a BA degree and the top industries that demand such professionals.

In-demand industries for BA graduates 

The current scenario in the rapidly evolving job market is that employers seek professionals capable of thinking creatively and engaging with diverse perspectives. An online BA degree graduate fits perfectly into this landscape because they are well-poised to make meaningful contributions across a spectrum of professions. 

Have a look at the table below to understand the bright opportunities for BA professionals in diverse sectors:

IndustrySkills of BA GraduatesJob Roles
EducationCapable of critical thinking, communication, research, and presentation, online Bachelor of Arts graduates can get brilliant career opportunities in the education sector. Instructional Designer, Online Educator, Online Curriculum Developer, and E-learning Content Writer
Public RelationsOnline BA graduates excel in written and verbal communication and can easily convey messages clearly and concisely through various mediums. These excellent communication skills allow them to sail smoothly in the PR sector.Public Relations Specialist, Media Relations Coordinator, Social Media Manager, and Crisis Communications Manager
Media and EntertainmentIndividuals hone their creativity and critical thinking skills during the online BA course. They become creative to generate fresh ideas, which makes them suitable for the media and entertainment industry.Video Editor, Scriptwriter, Content Creator, and Social Media Influencer
MarketingDuring the online BA course, students hone their analytical skills and learn to interpret data and identify the latest trends. As a result, they are the best-fits in the marketing industry. Marketing Coordinator, Digital Marketing Specialist, Brand Manager, and Market Research Analyst
JournalismAn online BA course makes students capable of writing engaging articles for the target audience; hence, they are the best fit for the journalism industry.Journalist, Editor, News Correspondent, and Reporter
EdTechFamiliarity with various educational technology tools and platforms during the online BA course makes these graduates most suitable for the EdTech industry.EdTech Specialist, Instructional Designer, E-Learning Content Developer, and Online Learning Coordinator
RetailBA graduates excel in interpreting data, using e-commerce platforms, and understanding payment getaways. Due to this proficiency, they fit well in the retail sector. E-commerce Manager, Retail Sales Associate, Visual Merchandiser, and Customer Experience Specialist
Event ManagementOwing to their organization skills, multitasking skills, and resource management skills, BA graduates can easily navigate through the event management sector. Event Manager, Event Coordinator, Meeting Planner, and Event Marketing Manager

Benefits of pursuing online BA

The above section has provided an understanding of the top jobs for BA graduates in different industries. Here are a few more benefits of pursuing an online BA degree program

  1. Flexible Study: The topmost benefit of doing an online BA course rather than a traditional campus program is the flexibility to learn at your own pace. Students can choose to learn wherever and whenever they want to study without compromising their other commitments.
  1. Versatile skill set: The second amazing benefit of pursuing an online Bachelor of Arts course is that it equips the students with a multifaceted skill set that helps them navigate across various sectors. Some of the key skills honed during this UG course are communication skills, research and analytical skills, critical thinking, and digital literacy.
  1. Interesting specializations: Whether it is the literature, political science, or sociology, that fascinates you, there is always a variety of specializations for students to choose from. Universities like Sikkim Manipal University offer them exciting specializations for an online Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree course through the Online Manipal platform.
  1. Global learning and exposure: Another hidden benefit of pursuing an online Bachelor of Arts degree program is that it helps break down geographical barriers. Students get to connect and collaborate with fellow students from across the globe. This helps get global exposure.
  1. Affordable learning: Compared to a traditional campus degree program, an online BA degree program proves to be more affordable. Students can easily save on accommodation, commuting, and other expenses required for a campus program by opting for an online BA.

Choose Sikkim Manipal University for an online BA 

It is true that an online BA degree allows individuals to shape their careers brilliantly. However, a lot will depend on where you pursue this popular undergraduate degree program, so we recommend you choose Sikkim Manipal University (SMU), the Number 1 private university in the North East according to IIRF 2023. Sikkim Manipal University is a NAAC A+ accredited institution that provides UGC-entitled online degrees equivalent to campus degrees to all its students.

Online Bachelor of Arts program from a reputed university like SMU through the Online Manipal platform means grabbing the networking opportunities with the robust Manipal alumni and availing quality education at easy financing options. Eligible students also stand a chance to get exclusive scholarships while pursuing an online BA from this highly acclaimed university. Apart from assisting you with placement through mock interviews, resume building, and other similar facilities, the expert faculty at SMU will also guide you after BA which course is best.


Analyzing the BA degree and industry trends, it is evident that it opens a gateway to a multitude of career opportunities. An online BA degree from Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) equips students with problem-solving skills, critical thinking, and communication, making them valuable assets in today’s dynamic job market. This 3-year undergraduate degree course undoubtedly provides a foundation for continuous learning and development. These benefits get multiplied if this course is pursued from a top-notch university like Sikkim Manipal University through the Online Manipal platform.

Detailed course guide: MBA Pharmaceutical Management

In the pharmaceutical industry, having a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree has gained major importance. Combining specialized expertise and strategic managerial ability, an MBA provides professionals with the necessary equipment to excel in this challenging environment. The fact that MBA emphasizes critical thinking, decision-making, and innovation means that it gives students the skills for drug development, regulatory compliance, and market access. 

These phenomena help develop leadership skills, which are essential for an organization’s success in the global market. With pharmaceutical companies trying to achieve a balance between scientific progress and commercial viability, the significance of an MBA degree in this industry is unquestionable. By 2024, the online pharmacy sector in India is expected to reach $3 billion, marking an eightfold increase from its value in 2019. Organizations like Reliance, Amazon, and Tata are gearing up to enter this market shortly.

Understanding the Pharmaceutical Industry

In 2023, the worldwide pharmaceutical market reached about $1.6 trillion, up over $100 billion from the previous year. The pharmaceutical industry is a complex of different organizations, including large pharmaceutical multinational corporations, biotechnology firms, generic drug manufacturers, contract research organizations (CROs), and academic research institutions. These organizations operate across the drug development spectrum, from early research stages to clinical trials and regulatory approval, thereby bringing new treatments to the market.

Major players in the pharmaceutical industry include multinational pharmaceutical giants such as Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, and Roche. Companies like Amgen and Biogen are pushing the boundaries with biological drugs and gene therapies, which are biotechnological innovations. 

The generic drug industry, including companies like Teva and Mylan, offers cheaper alternatives to expensive brand drugs. Furthermore, regulatory organizations like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States, the European Medicines Agency (EMA), and the Central Drug Standards Control Organization (CDSCO) in India play a particularly important role in assessing drug safety and effectiveness.

Stakeholders include healthcare providers, patient advocacy groups, insurers, policymakers, and investors. Each of these social groups affects diversified areas of the pharmaceutical landscape including drug access and reimbursement policies to market demand and investment decisions.

Current market trends in the pharmaceutical industry include: 

  • A shift towards personalized medicine: The development of genome-based technologies and precision medication is changing modalities of therapy, resulting in more precise and effective treatments, with fewer side effects.
  • Digital health innovation: Digital technologies, like telemedicine, wearables, and health analytics, are changing the healthcare delivery and monitoring of patients.
  • Increasing regulatory scrutiny: Regulatory rules are constantly evolving with a tendency to guarantee the medication’s safety, transparency, and full compliance with the super high-level quality standards.

The pharmaceutical industry faces challenges such as patent expiration, generic competition, drug pricing pressure, regulatory obstacles, and disruption of the supply chain, as well as public health issues like the COVID-19 pandemic.

MBA in Pharmaceutical: Syllabus and subjects covered   

Understanding the nuances of business acumen is important in the pharmaceutical sector. Let’s see how it’s beneficial: 

  • Strategic planning: Pharmaceutical companies must align their product development and marketing strategies with demand, regulatory requirements, and competitive dynamics. A strong foundation in strategic management enables executives to identify growth opportunities, optimize resource allocation, and mitigate risks effectively.
  • Market analysis: Business acumen allows pharmaceutical professionals to conduct thorough market research, assess customer needs, and identify emerging trends and opportunities. This understanding informs decision-making related to product positioning, pricing strategies, and market segmentation.
  • Financial management: Sound financial management is essential for pharmaceutical companies to sustain long-term growth and profitability. Business acumen helps executives manage budgets, allocate resources efficiently, evaluate investment opportunities, and optimize revenue streams amidst pricing pressures and healthcare reforms.

Listed below are the MBA pharma management semester-wise subjects:

Semester 1Semester 2Semester 3Semester 4
Managing People & OrganizationsFinancial ManagementManagement AccountingPharmaceutical Regulatory Environment
Financial Reporting & Statement AnalysisMarketing ManagementLegal Aspects of BusinessPharmaceutical Production Management
Business CommunicationStrategic ManagementPharmaceutical MarketingPharma Logistics Management
Managerial EconomicsIT for BusinessPharmaceutical Sales and Customer Relationship ManagementEntrepreneurship and Innovation
Business StatisticsBusiness LeadershipIntellectual Property RightsSustainability

Is an MBA in Pharmaceuticals a good option?  

Let’s explore how an MBA in pharmaceuticals compares to similar courses.

  • Master’s in Pharmaceutical Sciences: While a master’s in pharmaceutical sciences focuses on the scientific aspects of drug discovery, development, and manufacturing, an MBA in Pharmaceuticals emphasizes the industry’s business and managerial aspects. Individuals interested in pursuing research or technical roles may opt for a master’s in pharmaceutical sciences, while those aiming for leadership or managerial positions may prefer an MBA in Pharmaceuticals.
  • PharmD (Doctor of Pharmacy): These programs primarily prepare students for careers as pharmacists, focusing on patient care, medication therapy management, and healthcare delivery. While PharmD programs provide clinical expertise, an MBA in Pharmaceuticals offers a broader skill set encompassing business management, strategic planning, and market analysis. Individuals interested in pharmacy practice may choose PharmD, while those seeking leadership roles in the pharmaceutical industry may opt for an MBA in the field instead.

Advantages of choosing an MBA in pharmaceutical management 

Wondering why you should choose to pursue an MBA in pharmaceutical management? Here are some reasons why:

  • Specialized knowledge: An MBA in pharmaceutical management provides students with specialized industry knowledge, including drug development processes, regulatory requirements, healthcare policies, and market dynamics. This specialized education equips graduates with a deep understanding of the unique challenges and opportunities within the pharmaceutical sector.
  • Career opportunities: The pharmaceutical industry offers diverse career opportunities across various functions such as marketing, sales, regulatory affairs, supply chain management, and strategic planning. An MBA in pharmaceutical management enhances career prospects by preparing graduates for leadership roles in pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology firms, consulting firms, healthcare organizations, and government agencies.
  • Industry networking: MBA programs often provide extensive networking opportunities through interactions with faculty, industry professionals, alumni, and fellow students. Building a strong professional network within the pharmaceutical industry can be invaluable for securing internships, job opportunities, and career advancement.
  • Business acumen: In addition to pharmaceutical-specific knowledge, an MBA curriculum covers core business disciplines such as marketing, finance, operations, and strategic management. This holistic education develops well-rounded professionals capable of understanding and addressing complex business challenges within the pharmaceutical industry.
  • Global perspective: An MBA with a global focus can provide students with insights into international healthcare trends, regulatory environments, and market opportunities. A global perspective is becoming increasingly important as pharmaceutical companies expand their operations and seek growth opportunities beyond domestic markets.
  • Adaptability and transferable skills: The skills acquired during an MBA program, such as critical thinking, problem-solving, communication, and leadership, are highly transferable across industries. This means that MBA in pharma graduates have the flexibility to explore career opportunities beyond the pharmaceutical sector if they so choose.

Career prospects and networking

RoleKey responsibilities
Marketing ManagerDeveloping and implementing marketing strategies for pharmaceutical management
Product ManagerManaging the lifecycle of pharmaceutical products
Healthcare AnalystAnalyzing market trends and conducting competitive intelligence
Sales ManagerOverseeing the sales teams and developing effective sales strategies
Business Development ManagerIdentifying and pursuing opportunities for partnerships and collaborations to create pharmaceutical solutions

Here are some ways individuals can build their professional network in the pharma industry:

  • Industry events and conferences: Attending industry conferences, trade shows, and networking events provides opportunities to connect with professionals from pharmaceutical companies, regulatory agencies, consulting firms, and healthcare organizations.
  • Alumni networks: Leveraging alumni networks from MBA programs and undergraduate institutions can facilitate introductions to professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry and provide insights into career opportunities.
  • Professional associations: Joining professional associations such as the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), the Drug Information Association (DIA), and the Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association (HBA) allows individuals to network with industry professionals and stay updated on industry trends.

MAHE MBA in pharmaceutical management: Guide to career success!

The MAHE MBA in Pharmaceutical Management offers a comprehensive and affordable pathway to success in the pharmaceutical industry. With a curriculum designed to equip students with specialized knowledge, including drug development, regulatory compliance in pharmaceutical MBA, marketing strategies, and healthcare economics, graduates are poised to excel in various roles within the sector. With MAHE’s online MBA, students can embark on a journey toward career success, supported by world-class education and comprehensive support services.


In conclusion, the theories covered in MBA pharma management combine business strategy and a thorough understanding of the industry. Through this program, individuals can get an in-depth knowledge of the pharmaceutical industry, which comprises regulatory frameworks, market dynamics, and strategic management principles. In addition, the MBA pharma management semester-wise subjects prepare graduates to maneuver through this fast-changing sector, nurturing innovation, driving growth, and ultimately propelling healthcare to a more advanced stage globally.

Key Takeaways

  • An MBA provides pharmaceutical professionals with a multifaceted skill set essential for success in today’s competitive industry landscape. 
  • MBA graduates are well-positioned to navigate challenges, drive innovation, and lead organizations toward sustainable growth and impact in the pharmaceutical sector.

New-age marketing jobs for freshers

The marketing industry has seen a full transformation in the range of jobs available due to the increasing impact of modern technology. The key factors that differentiate current employment trends in marketing include rising demand, social media and digital media development, focused growth, and growing flexibility. Over the previous six months, there has been a 63% growth in marketing positions, as per LinkedIn. These positions commonly include digital marketing, copywriting, and graphic design. So, let’s learn about the new-age marketing job options for recent graduates, the skills needed, the pay scale, and more in the blog post.

Emerging marketing job opportunities for freshers

Emerging marketing roles for entry-level professionals include:

  1. Copywriter/Content Writer

A copywriter/content writer is responsible for writing copy for radio scripts, advertising slogans, blogs, websites, and other language that appears on or alongside advertising graphics. These professionals select the ideal words to create a call to action, develop a slogan, or create an advertising campaign.

  1. Digital Strategist

Digital strategists utilize a variety of digital assets and SEO strategies to create a digital story that will increase brand recognition, generate online traffic, and boost interaction with current and new consumers.

  1. Social Media Executive

Social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram rule the digital sphere. Experts with experience in utilizing these marketing strategies are in high demand. A social media executive uses their expertise to approach and interact with the appropriate target demographic on the company’s behalf.

Find out if social media marketing is a good career option for you.

  1. Graphic Designer

Even with excellent writing, you run the risk of drawing readers away from your information if it is poorly presented. Through visually striking ads, this creative profession presents the product team’s messaging and marketing initiatives. The business will then use websites, social media accounts, and billboards to promote the graphic designer’s work and attract new customers.

  1. Influencer Marketer

Influencer marketing is a rapidly expanding digital marketing strategy that involves collaborating with well-known social media influencers. This tactic is essential as social media role models impact young consumers’ purchase decisions.

Skills requirement for new-age marketing jobs

The following are the skills and qualifications required for new-age marketing jobs:

  1. Communication: Marketers must have effective communication skills to connect with audiences, team members, important stakeholders, and corporate leaders.
  2. Data Analysis: Data analysis skills help you gauge campaign efficacy, pinpoint consumer behavior, and discover the most effective ways to engage consumers—all of which improve marketing success and competence.
  3. Digital Marketing: Digital marketing skills such as SEO, SEM, content writing, advertising, and email marketing are essential for a company to function in this modern world.
  4. Social Media Expertise: For marketers to stand out from the competition and demonstrate their prowess in video marketing, they must possess the necessary skills, such as social media strategy and platform expertise.
  5. Creative Thinking: The capacity for innovative thinking is essential for the majority of marketing roles. Your creative side may produce unique marketing ideas that appeal to consumers. You may also use your creativity to compose marketing copy, make graphics, or generate original marketing concepts.
  6. Leadership: Leadership traits help marketers improve their knowledge of company objectives, assist in campaign management, communicate with customers, and encourage team members.
  7. Technical Skills: In the marketing profession, possessing a robust technical skill set is crucial for career advancement and the creation of new marketing prospects.
  8. Project Management: Employers prioritize project management capabilities that combine hard and soft talents. These skills show that candidates can successfully organize, manage, and complete projects.

Companies hiring marketing freshers 

Companies offering opportunities for freshers in modern marketing roles include the following:


To work on its services, Amazon is hiring recent marketing graduates with technical, analytical, and critical thinking abilities. The fresher should have a postgraduate MBA with a specialization in marketing or related fields. The average base annual pay Amazon offers for marketing freshers is INR 4 LPA.


Google, with its focus on and motto “users first,” is hiring marketing freshers with analytical and innovative skills. Candidates should also possess strong communication skills to communicate effectively with various stakeholders. The qualification required for the role is a bachelor’s or master’s degree in marketing or any other related field. The average base annual pay Google offers for marketing freshers is INR 20.4 LPA.


Freshers who want to kickstart their career in marketing can look for job opportunities with Paytm. The company is looking for freshers who have strong data analytical and marketing skills to join its team. The qualification required is a bachelor’s or master’s degree in marketing or any other related field. The average base annual pay Paytm offers for marketing freshers is INR 2.4 LPA.


TCS is looking for a driven and well-organized individual to handle a team as a retail marketing consultant and ensure the success of its initiatives and outreach with strong analytical skills. Also, TCS pays fresh marketing graduates an average basic yearly salary of INR 12 LPA.


Accenture is hiring marketing consultants to manage its operations team. Candidates should possess strong communication, analytical, and management skills and have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in marketing or business operations. Accenture pays fresh marketing graduates an average basic yearly salary of INR 8 LPA.

Future Generali

Future Generali, a health insurance company, regularly hires marketing freshers to promote its brand. These freshers should have strong communication and technical skills and a bachelor’s or master’s degree in a related field. Future Generali pays fresh marketing graduates an average basic yearly salary of INR 2.6 LPA.

Muthoot Finance

Muthoot Group’s financial services offer a plethora of marketing options for anyone looking to join a dynamic, fast-growing organization. Freshers with bachelor’s or master’s degrees in marketing or any other related field can apply for this role. The average base salary for marketing in Muthoot Finance is INR 4.3 LPA.


IBM is hiring a marketing graduate with analytical and critical thinking skills. The candidate should possess a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business management with a specialization in marketing or a related field. The average base salary for marketing freshers at IBM is INR 23.5 LPA.

Build your marketing career with Online Manipal

Manipal University Jaipur’s (MUJ) online Master of Business Administration (MBA) program equips you with the skills necessary to succeed as a leader in the cutthroat world of today. Ten electives with a career focus are available to learners, including HR, Finance, Marketing, and so on.

With MUJ, you can network with experts worldwide, study from reputable instructors, and get first-rate placement support. MUJ provides you with job-ready business skills like leadership and problem-solving, real-world case studies, placement assistance, and more that prepare you for key managerial roles across sectors.


Regardless of the marketing specialization you choose, hiring managers are looking for people with good verbal and writing communication abilities, strong interpersonal skills, and a range of data-related experience. Professionals who appreciate picking up new skills, working with colleagues in other departments, and utilizing data to guide their decisions are in high demand in the marketing sector. Besides, these new-age marketing jobs have opened a plethora of opportunities for all. Join MUJ to build your marketing career and get industry-ready in the ever-changing competitive world.

Key Takeaways:

  • Due to technological advancements, companies are now looking for marketing freshers with the modern skills necessary to compete in the market.
  • The last decade has seen significant growth in the new emerging jobs for marketing graduates.

How to become a Web Developer? 

Can you imagine operating your smartphone without scrolling through a website or application? The answer is no, isn’t it? So, just imagine the scope for Web Developers in the rapidly evolving digital age. From e-commerce giants to innovative startups, from organizations big or small to institutions, everyone wants a user-friendly website that is secure and engaging. Who creates this, after all? A Web Developer! With skills in using programming languages in front-end and back-end technologies, Web Developers can develop all kinds of websites.

There are several online courses and certifications for aspiring Web Developers, and a Master of Computer Applications is one of those prime courses. The in-depth knowledge gained during an online MCA course enables graduates to tackle complex challenges, implement practices, and contribute significantly to the development of sophisticated web applications and websites. 

Are you one of those people who want to become a Web Developer? Then, stay tuned to this post to learn about the steps to become a Web Developer.

Who is a Web Developer? 

Let us now elaborate a bit on who is a Web Developer. They are professionals who ace the art of website or web application development. There is a vast career scope for a Web developer; as such, a professional can take up a job in a company or work as a freelancer on projects, wherever there is a requirement to create a user-friendly and appealing website. A Web Developer is skilled in front-end and back-end development of a website.

Some of the key responsibilities of a Web Developer are:

1. Web designing: These developers start off by designing navigation menus and user interfaces

2. Writing website codes: Web Developers are also responsible for writing website codes in HTML, JavaScript, or XML

3. Web Performance Optimization: Web Developers implement techniques to optimize the website speed and overall performance and caching

4. Website Testing and debugging: As part of this profession, a Web Developer has to do testing of web applications

5. Multimedia integration: A Web Developer is expected to integrate the multimedia elements on a website

6. Collaboration: Coordinating with developers, designers, and other stakeholders is another key role played by a Web Developer

What is the role of a web developer? 

The prime responsibility of a Web Developer is to ensure the flawless working of a website, and for this, they work closely on the front-end and back-end development of the website. To create and maintain a website or web application, a Web Developer may have to serve several roles, such as writing the codes and tracking the website’s traffic and performance. 

Web Developers can be of four types, and these are listed below for a better understanding:

  1. Front-End Web Developers: The prime role of Front-End Web Developers is to code the website using tools like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These professionals also look after the Content Management System (CMS) through the apt development of visual elements displayed on the website.
  1. Back-End Web Developers: Secondly, we have Back-End Web Developers, professionals, who are responsible for creating the server and the database using languages such as Java, Python, and PHP. As the name suggests, these web developers stay at the back-end, hence their main work is not seen by the user.
  1. Full-Stack Developers: Then there are Full-Stack Developers, who perform back-end and front-end website development duties. Here again, the skills taught in an online MCA course, like Python, PHP, JavaScript, and CSS, are used extensively by a Full-Stack Developer.
  1. Webmasters: It is another term for Website Managers who fulfill the prime duty of updating the website regularly just to ensure that the web applications and links are functioning properly without any hanging issues or errors. 

Skills required for Web Developer 

Web Developers need a diverse skill set to deal with the complexities of web development. Mastering the core languages such as HTML, JavaScript, and CSS is crucial to creating a user-friendly and interactive website. This is not all; some soft skills like problem-solving, collaboration, and communication are required to emerge successfully in the web development stream. 

Although there are three core programming languages that every Web Developer must know: HTML, JavaScript, and CSS; we think it is crucial for anyone aspiring to become one such professional to know about all essential skills and technologies for Web Development that are listed below:

  1. HTML: If you wish to become a Front-End Developer, you must be proficient enough in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). It is the HTML that tells the web browser what to do on a particular webpage and in which order. HTML coding tells the browser to add the content, image, hyperlink, or button on a webpage. 
  1. JavaScript: This programming language is crucial for front-end website development. A Website Developer incorporates JavaScript snippets within the HTML source code for a website. However, nowadays, developers are also using JavaScript for the back-end development of a website. 
  1. CSS: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) go hand in hand with HTML in website development. CSS is like a rulebook that sets the styling of a website, telling the browser which fonts, borders, colors, and backgrounds to use. HTML guides the webpage on what type of content to display, and it is the CSS that acquaints the webpage with how to display that content; hence, it is also called the styling language for a website.
  1. Java: Web development can never be complete without the knowledge of Java. Although an old language, it is still popular, and many web developers use it to develop websites and create scalable and creative responsive interfaces. Owing to its strong server-side capabilities and high-security features, Java is still a versatile choice for website development, and hence a must for developers to learn. 
  1. PHP: The value earned by HTML these days, was once earned by PHP. It was known as the language of the internet, and even today, around 80% of the websites that exist are made using PHP. It is an easy-to-learn and use programming language that can be used on small websites. 

Web Developer salary in India

The job opportunities and salaries in Web Development may vary depending on which type of developer you want to become. Moreover, the salary of a Web Developer may also vary based on factors such as experience, skills, and industry they choose to work in. At an entry level, a Web Developer may earn a salary package of INR 1.2 lakhs per annum, whereas an experienced Web Developer can earn a salary package of INR 8 lakhs per annum

Pursue MCA to become a Web Developer 

With a focus on both theoretical knowledge and practical application, an online Master of Computer Applications (MCA) degree course is perfect for aspiring web developers. This 3-year course can act as a springboard for these individuals by equipping them with the skills required to navigate the intricate world of web development. However, when we recommend you pursue an online MCA, we want you to do it from the best institute. Therefore, consider NAAC A+ accredited Sikkim Manipal University, which offers UGC-entitled degrees to those who complete this course sitting from the comfort of their home and assessing all the latest digital technologies. 

In case you are still wondering how an MCA course can help you become a Web Developer, then you must read on:

  1. Comprehensive curriculum: An online MCA course paves a sure-shot path for a career in website development because of its comprehensive curriculum. During this post-graduation course, students are exposed to various key aspects of web development, software development, and computer science from institutes like Sikkim Manipal University. 
  1. Focus on programming languages: SMU’s online Master of Computer Applications course provides an in-depth learning of programming languages such as HTML, Java, Python, JavaScript, and PHP. With a strong foundation in these programming languages, an MCA graduate can easily build a dynamic and interactive website.
  1. Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): Understanding the complete procedure of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is essential for website development. Interestingly, online MCA course programs do include SDLC, which gives an additional boost to people aspiring to become Website Developers. 
  1. Database management: Online MCA programs also lay emphasis on database management which can help budding Website Developers go a long way in this profession. They learn how to create and manage the backend of web applications. 
  1. Practical project work: Institutes like Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) also include practical project works in their online MCA course, which allows students to apply their theoretical knowledge to real-world scenarios. Hence, it allows them to design and implement web applications and websites during the course. 
  1. Networking and collaboration opportunities: By choosing to study an online MCA at Sikkim Manipal University via the Online Manipal platform, students get the golden opportunity to network and collaborate with other fellow students with similar interests. They also enjoy becoming part of Manipal’s robust alumni network, which helps them get the best job opportunities as Website Developers. 
  1. Problem-solving and analytical skills: The expert faculty at SMU inculcates the skills to solve problems in students pursuing an online MCA course. They also throw challenges and prepare project works for students to widen their analytical skills which can help them become successful Website Developers. 


We assume this article did justice in acquainting you with all the essential tips for building a successful career as a Web Developer. Start your journey to become a Web Developer by pursuing an online MCA degree course from Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) using the Online Manipal platform. The degree serves as a valuable asset, providing a strong foundation that helps individuals position themselves and excel in the evolving landscape of website development. The online MCA program at SMU has been meticulously designed to offer students a grip on core principles of computer sciences from expert faculty, wherein they can study at their own preferred time online and climb a step up the ladder to become successful Website Developers. 

What is the best career move after BCom: Job or MCom?

With the successful completion of BCom, many students feel pulled into a conundrum regarding their career. They wonder if it would be better either to start working immediately after graduation or to delay for two more year to obtain an MCom degree. As the choice between continuing to study or entering the job market looms, this article seeks to offer useful tips on this journey. The article will focus on the pros and cons of pursuing a job after BCom. Additionally, we will explore alternative career paths and share practical steps that will help one make the right decisions. Let’s dive in.

MCom or job after BCom?

When choosing between a BCom degree or entering the workforce, consider factors like industry competition. Strengthening qualifications and skills through the MCom program can give you a competitive edge, making you more attractive to potential employers. Therefore, it’s crucial to carefully evaluate your career path and consider the factors that influence it.

Here’s a comparison of the potential benefits and career outcomes of BCom graduates who choose different paths.

Competitive MarketRequires continuous upskilling due to market competition.Growth trajectory might be slower without advanced qualifications
SpecializationOffers specialization in specific areas of commerce, such as marketing, finance, and accounting. This results in a higher earning potential.Learning happens on the job, with the potential for diverse experiences.
NetworkingAn academic environment provides exclusive access to professors, alumni, and peers. These professionals can provide insightful information about possible career choices as well as vital connections.Networking opportunities might be limited initially.
Career GrowthEarning an MCom degree can help students attain senior-level positions and salary increments.Initial career growth might be gradual
Time and InvestmentRequires additional time and financial investment.Immediate income but potential for future investment in education.

Therefore, thoroughly comprehend the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing MCom after BCom and make your decision accordingly.

You should also checkout the career prospects for BCom+MCom graduates.

Factors to consider before deciding:

Several essential factors come into play when deciding whether to pursue a job or continue with an MCom after completing your BCom. These considerations carry significant weight and can greatly influence your future career trajectory. Below are key factors to consider when deciding between a job and an MCom after BCom:

Personal goals and aspirations:

Take some time to think about where you see yourself in the long term and how each choice fits into that vision. If individuals value the experience of building and achieving financial stability, working after completing their BCom could be an option. On the other hand, if they’re driven by the desire for more education or specialized training, sticking with studies and aiming for a higher degree in their respective field might be a better path.

Financial situation:

Consider the financial impact of continuing education versus starting to earn income right away. If your main concern is immediate financial stability and getting practical experience, jumping into the workforce after your BCom might be the better choice. A job offers the opportunity to gain valuable hands-on experience, apply what you’ve learned in real-world situations, and start building financial stability sooner. Plus, it can pave the way for career growth through on-the-job learning and skill development.

Look into whether your chosen industry has a greater need for MCom graduates than BCom graduates.  Explore career options in both fields to discover which path could lead to more promising opportunities. Additionally, consulting with industry professionals or career counselors can help give them insight into the potential consequences of each option.

Networking opportunities:

Building connections is crucial for opening doors in your chosen field. Take a look at the networking possibilities in both situations and how they could shape your career trajectory. You will be better equipped to choose your career path after completing this evaluation.

Work-life balance:

Consider how each job requirement can affect how well you can balance work and personal life. Make it a priority to find a job that matches your values ​​in order to succeed both professionally and personally.

The decision to pursue an MCom or jump into the professional ranks after a BCom depends on your career aspirations, personal circumstances, and current industry trends. It’s important for graduates to thoughtfully consider the merits of gaining practical experience through a job versus the benefits of having specialized knowledge and skills through additional education. Therefore, for students to make a rational decision, it is essential to weigh carefully the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing MCom after BCom.

Also read 10 best job opportunities with salary after MCom

Alternative career paths for BCom graduates

BCom graduates bring a rich set of skills that can unlock various career paths beyond conventional commerce roles. By leveraging networking opportunities and industry insights for BCom graduates, individuals can delve into potential avenues in fields such as marketing, human resources, or entrepreneurship. Moreover, staying connected with alumni and industry professionals can provide invaluable guidance and support as they navigate these alternative career paths.

  • Finance: Look into positions in risk management, investment banking, or financial analysis.
  • Marketing: Search for jobs in fields like market research, brand management, or digital marketing.
  • Human Resources (HR): Take into account prospects for organizational growth, talent management, or recruitment.
  • Entrepreneurship: Get involved and start your own company or work for a startup.
  • Data analytics: Apply your analytical capabilities as a data scientist or business intelligence analyst. 
  • Supply chain management: Looks at jobs in the manufacturing, procurement, or logistics industry.
  • Consulting: Utilize your skills to provide companies with a variety of consulting services in the industry.
  • Public sector: Take into account openings in government departments or non-profit organizations with a policy or financial focus.

No more career confusion with Online Manipal

A simple and practical option for BCom graduates hoping to obtain an online MCom degree is from Manipal University Jaipur. Students can easily continue their education while taking care of other obligations when they choose to study online. In addition, MUJ) offers various postgraduate degrees to students, including an MBA. If students choose to pursue an MBA, they can choose from ten electives, which include finance, marketing, human resource management (HRM), analytics and data science, IT and FinTech, operations management, international business, supply chain management, project management, and information system management. Furthermore, Online Manipal does a great job of ensuring that its graduates are ready for the competitive job market by offering virtual placement drives and placement support services.


In conclusion, deciding whether to pursue an MCom degree or enter the industry right after earning a BCom is a significant decision that requires careful consideration. BCom graduates can set the foundation for a rewarding career path ahead of them by carefully weighing the pros and cons of pursuing a job after BCom. Additionally, they must spend time investigating various career alternatives and accounting for their unique circumstances. By doing so, they will be able to make an informed decision regarding their future and proceed with their career and academics accordingly.

Top courses you can pursue along with online BCom

Confused about what to do after finishing your schooling in the commerce field? Then, we suggest you lay a robust foundation in business education with an online Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) degree program. Complementing your BCom with additional courses opens a gateway to a wealth of opportunities, preparing you for a bright career in a variety of commerce fields like digital marketing, accounting, financing, management, and even entrepreneurship.

Choices are unlimited when considering online courses to boost career prospects for BCom graduates. From specialized certifications to strategic management courses, there are several interesting courses that a BCom graduate can take to enhance the core skills in commerce. A BCom degree acts as a springboard for specialized professional courses like Chartered Accountancy (CA) and Company Secretary (CS).

Stay tuned as we will acquaint you with the best complementary courses for BCom students in this post and from where to pursue them. 

Top courses you can pursue with BCom 

For Bachelor of Commerce students gearing up for a business career, it’s not just about textbooks and lectures. Various skill-building courses for BCom students can act as secret weapons to help them become pros in specific areas. In short, these additional courses act like a turbo boost for your regular BCom studies, making you not just book smart but also super skilled for the real business world. 

So, let us explore the top courses a BCom graduate can pursue:

  • Chartered Accountancy (CA): Organized by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), the Chartered Accountancy (CA) is the most popular course chosen by several BCom graduates. The course has three levels: Foundation, Intermediate, and Final. The CA qualification is highly regarded globally across various sectors. After pursuing this course, one can apply for job roles such as accountant, banker, and auditor. 

The table below will give you details about the Chartered Accountancy (CA) course:

EligibilityCompletion of 10+2 with at least 50% can register directly for the CA Foundation course
Age LimitsNo age limit
DurationMinimum of 5 years
Examinations3 Levels of examinations are conducted by the ICAI at the foundation, intermediate, and final levels. 
Approximate SalaryINR 8.8 lakhs per annum
  • Company Secretaryship (CS)

Organized by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI), the Company Secretary (CS) course is the second most in-demand course among BCom graduates. The main objective of this course is to train people to perform the role and responsibility of a company secretary. Interested candidates can enroll in the foundation course and pass the foundation exam to reach the executive and professional levels. Post these three levels, there is a final management training round before one gets the CS course degree in hand.

The table below will give you details about the Company Secretaryship (CS) course:

EligibilityCompletion of 10+2 with at least 50% can register directly for the CS Foundation course
Age LimitsNo age limit
DurationMinimum 3 years
Examinations3 Levels of examinations are conducted by the ICSI at the foundation, executive, and professional levels. 
Approximate SalaryINR 6 lakhs per annum
  • Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)

Every year, several commerce graduates enroll in the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants course. The basic course curriculum revolves around the core concepts of chartered accountancy, such as financial reporting, taxation, accounting, business finance, and financial management. There are three main levels in the ACCA course: Knowledge, Skill, and Professional level. Individuals with ACCA certificates are in high demand for job profiles like Accounting, Risk Advisory, Statutory Audit, and Mergers and Acquisitions.

The table below will give you details about the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) course:

EligibilityCompletion of 10+ 2 with at least 65% in Accounts, English, and Mathematics and at least 50% in other subjects
Age LimitsNo age limit
Duration1- 7 years
ExaminationsBCom or MCom graduates must appear for 9 examsCA graduates must appear for 4 exams
Approximate SalaryINR 8 lakhs per annum
  • Certified Management Accountant (CMA)

Certified Management Accountant (CMA), regulated by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI), is one of the popular certifications to enhance BCom qualifications. This course is designed for those interested in taking up management accounting or financial management as their profession in the coming years. In this course, students are enlightened with topics like financial planning, strategic financial management, performance, and analytics.

The table below will give you details about the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) course:

EligibilityCompletion of at least 10th class boards to enroll for the foundation level, and completion of 10+2 to enroll for the intermediate level
Age LimitsNo age limit
DurationMinimum 3 years
Examinations3 Levels of examinations are conducted by the ICAI at the foundation, intermediate, and final levels. 
Approximate SalaryINR 7 lakhs per annum
  • Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) is a globally recognized certification regulated by the CFA Institute. It is a 2-year course divided into three levels. The course curriculum covers topics such as corporate finance, ethics, investment tools, and much more. Completing this course after BCom makes a person suitable for roles like Investment Banker, Portfolio Manager, and Risk Manager. 

The table below will give you details about the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) course:

EligibilityCompletion of an undergraduate degree in any discipline and a work experience of at least 4 years
Age LimitsNo age limit
DurationMinimum of 2 years
Examinations3 Levels of examinations are conducted by the CFA at the Level 1, Level 2, Level 3
Approximate SalaryINR 6 lakhs per annum
  • Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

Individuals keen to open doors to many career opportunities in accounting must pursue the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) course. It is a globally recognized certification that increases the chances of promotion if you are already working somewhere. The course is merely 18 months duration during which students have to clear 4 exams to get the certificate. 

The table below will give you details about the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) course:

EligibilityCompletion of an undergraduate degree in any discipline
Age LimitsNo age limit
DurationMinimum 18 months
Examinations4 Paper Assessment within 18 months course duration
Approximate SalaryINR 6.8 lakhs per annum

Advantages of pursuing online BCom 

After gaining insights into the industry-relevant courses for BCom professionals, one thing must be clear by now and that is doing a BCom before the above-mentioned courses is crucial. You can opt for traditional campus BCom, but why not enjoy the flexibility of studying at your own pace and saving money on commuting and accommodation by choosing an online BCom? Well, this was just a glimpse of the advantages of pursuing an online Bachelor of Commerce degree program, more are elaborated on below:

1. Freedom to work while studying: The ultimate plus point of pursuing BCom online instead of the traditional campus way is that it allows you to work part-time or full-time while studying. 

2. Digital literacy: Access to vast online resources, unlimited global exposure, and digital literacy come along as added advantages of an online BCom course if done from a recognized university like SMU. 

3. Affordability and accessibility: Students who choose to study BCom online gain the twin benefits of affordable education, which is accessible from anywhere and anytime. They can save money on commuting and accommodation and study using a laptop or computer and an internet connection. 

4. UGC-entitled degrees with NAAC A+ accreditation: Students who pursue an online BCom degree program from a reputed institution like Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) via the Online Manipal platform need not worry about the recognition of the degree they will earn after completing the course. Sikkim Manipal University rewards students with UGC-entitled degrees with NAAC A+ accreditation that is globally recognized, just like a traditional BCom degree. 

5. Diverse learning experience: Another benefit of choosing an online BCom degree over a traditional campus degree is that the former creates a global and diverse learning experience. Students get to interact and network with fellow students across the globe during the online BCom course. 


To conclude, we would say that combining an online Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) degree with targeted supplementary courses is an approach that aligns with Sikkim Manipal University’s commitment to preparing graduates for the modern business landscape. Enroll in an online BCom from SMU using the Online Manipal platform and then continue enhancing the knowledge gained with other diverse range of supplementary courses to empower yourself for meaningful contributions in the commerce industry. 

How to launch a career in PR in India

In the cut-throat competitive world of today, businesses need branding to survive. In the absence of brand visibility, it can indeed get very difficult to make your presence felt in a pool of small and big business organizations, all vying for customer attention. This is where Public Relations or PR comes to your rescue, giving you the right direction and guidance, and charting out a successful roadmap to success for your organization. Considering the key role PR professionals play in today’s business world, this blog highlights the easy steps to start a career in PR in India so that you can also kickstart your very own success journey. 

How to launch your career in PR?

If you are serious about pursuing a career in the field of Public Relations, it helps to have a systematic approach to achieving your goal. Here is a step-by-step process for starting a career in the domain:

  1. Pursue relevant education: The first step is to make a wise degree choice for your Bachelor’s – one that is relevant to the PR field in which you wish to specialize. BA is one of the most preferred choices among students keen on pursuing careers in PR. You can also consider taking up any other related or relevant discipline from a recognized university for your PR career choice. 
  1. Get the right experience: Along with the right qualifications, you also need the right work experience to gain hands-on experience and confidence in the field of PR. Make sure you work at a place that offers plenty of scope for on-the-job training in your field. Look for the best PR agencies and companies to work for in India.  
  1. Build your skillset: Along with a degree and sufficient work experience in your portfolio, you would also need the desired skills in line with the current PR industry trends and demands in India. Pitching and promotional skills can particularly come in handy for this role.
  1. Build a professional network: Along with the relevant qualifications and skills for PR professionals in India, a wide professional network can be particularly helpful at the start of your career. Interact with fellow professionals in the PR industry, follow their social media accounts, and learn more about what they do and how they do it. A good professional network would also help instill confidence and help show you the path to a successful launchpad for your career.

How to become a PR officer?

We learned in the section above about the desired qualifications, skills, and professional experience required to start a career in PR. Let us now look at the exact steps on how to become a Public Relations Officer:

  1. You would first need to complete 10+2 in any stream, though Humanities is a more apt choice for PR aspirants.  
  2. Move on to taking up a relevant degree for your Bachelor’s, such as a BA in Public Relations from a recognized university.  
  3. A Master’s degree, such as an MA in Journalism and Mass Communication, can help advance your skill sets and improve your career prospects.
  4. After graduating in the course of your choice, it’s time to start preparing for a job in the field. Prepare an impressive resume, highlighting the key projects or assignments completed during your education, which may point toward your knowledge of the PR domain. If you have completed an internship program, do mention that as well in your work portfolio. 
  5. Build on your skills for the job of a PR officer, including research, effective communication, and understanding of social media.   

Roles & responsibilities of PR Manager

Before leaping into a career in PR, it would help to understand in detail the key roles and responsibilities of a PR Manager in India:

  • Managing media inquiries, including reviewing all digital content about the brand and scheduling interviews between the organization’s management and the media
  • Communicating clearly with the internal team as well as external stakeholders, including the media and the public
  • Devise a clear and comprehensive PR strategy for the company and ensure that it is communicated to all stakeholders
  • Conducting appropriate marketing activities as part of the company’s branding strategy
  • Designing a social media strategy involving the promotion of company events and news across all official social media handles

Skills required for a successful career in PR

The importance of building the required skill set for a successful career in PR has already been emphasized earlier in the blog. Let us take a quick look at the top 5 skills that can be of particular use in boosting your success chances in the world of PR:

  • Effective oral and written communication
  • Creative idea generation
  • Research skills
  • Active social media approach 
  • Impressive presentation skills

PR Manager salary in India

The average salary of a PR Manager at entry level is estimated to be around INR 5,71,643 per annum. With an increase in experience over the years, PR Managers in India are likely to witness a corresponding increase in pay scale up to INR 13 lakhs per annum.  


With the fast growth in India’s economic setup and the emergence of numerous business organizations every year, the role of Public Relations Officers holds utmost importance. They are the key responsible parties to promoting the business in the outside world, helping it thrive. This explains the upsurge in the demand for PR professionals in India and the consequent rise in demand for PR courses and certifications as well. 

BA is considered one of the most relevant degrees apt for pursuing a career in Public Relations. Sikkim Manipal University offers online BA programs on the Online Manipal platform. The course can be pursued in 100% online mode and is a perfect stepping stone to starting a career in PR.    

Posted in All

Top industries you can work in after MCA

Do you know that according to the latest report by NASSCOM, the Indian IT industry is most likely to grow at a CAGR of 7.7% within a span of 5 years (2021- 2025)? This is expected to create approximately 4.4 million jobs in the country. You, too, can be part of this revolution with an online Master of Computer Applications (MCA) degree in hand. This 3-year post-graduation course can be a stepping stone to take you through various job opportunities.

Whether you agree or not, the demand for tech roles has experienced a remarkable upswing in India, mirroring the country’s rapid digital transformation. From creating cutting-edge software to optimizing networks and securing digital assets, an online MCA graduate can play a pivotal role in shaping the future of technology. The list is endless when it comes to career options after MCA. 

Curious to know about the best job opportunities for MCA graduates? Then, join us and read about the top industries you can work in after completing an online MCA. 

Industry demand for MCA graduates

As businesses navigate an increasingly digital landscape, the industry demand for a Master of Computer Applications (MCA) graduate remains robust. Skilled enough to develop programs, software, hardware, and manage databases, and analyze the network and system, MCA graduates can easily position themselves to bridge the gap between complex IT solutions and the practical needs of businesses. 

The table below will acquaint you with high-paying roles for MCA professionals and the

 approximate salary per annum earned by them after pursuing an online MCA:

MCA Professional RoleApproximate Salary (Per Annum)
Software EngineerINR 5 lakh – INR 15 lakh per annum
Software DeveloperINR 7 lakh – INR 18 lakh per annum
Software ConsultantINR 6 lakh – INR 13 lakh per annum
IT ConsultantINR 6 lakh – INR 17 lakh per annum
IT ArchitectINR 18 lakh – INR 33 lakh per annum
System AnalystINR 4 lakh – INR 13 lakh per annum
Technical ConsultantINR 6 lakh – INR 15 lakh per annum
Hardware DeveloperINR 5 lakh – INR 15 lakh per annum
Cloud ArchitectINR 10 lakh – INR 27 lakh per annum
Mobile App DeveloperINR 5 lakh – INR 11 lakh per annum

In-demand industries for MCA graduates 

Master of Computer Applications (MCA) graduates find themselves at the forefront of in-demand industries in the technology-driven world. If they pursue an online MCA from Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) through the Online Manipal platform, they learn skills essential to make a bright career across various top industries. Some of the key skills of an online MCA graduate that make them the best fit in various industries are system analysis, software development, network administration, and programming language development. 

Have a look at the table below to understand the skills in demand for MCA professionals and the best industries where they can get excellent job roles:

IndustrySkills of MCA GraduatesJob Roles
ITMCA graduates are well-versed in programming languages and system analysis, which makes them the best fit for the IT industry.Software Developer, Database Administrator, IT Consultant, and Systems Analyst
GamingDuring an online MCA course, an individual becomes proficient in programming languages, game development, and 3D modeling. Due to this, they fit well in the gaming sector. Games Developer, Game Designer, Graphics Programmer, and Quality Assurance Tester
Banking & FinanceOwing to the knowledge of database management, data security, and financial software development, an online MCA graduate is best suited to the banking & finance sectorDatabase Analyst, IT Consultant, and Financial Software Developer
FinTechAn online MCA graduate learns about financial software development, blockchain technology, and data analytics, which makes them capable of fitting in the FinTech sector.FinTech Developer, Cybersecurity Analyst, Blockchain Developer and Data Analyst
EdTechAn online MCA program imparts knowledge about e-learning platform development, Learning Management System (LMS) administration, and educational software development, which helps build a career in the EdTech sector. EdTech Developer, LMS Administrator, and Educational Software Engineer
Healthcare ITOnline MCA graduates are skilled in developing and maintaining IT solutions so that they can streamline patient care data management in the healthcare sector.Healthcare Software Developer, IT Consultant for Healthcare, and Health Informatics Specialist
AviationOnline MCA graduates are skilled in data analytics, and developing software and systems. Owing to this knowledge, they can excel in a career in the aviation industry.Aviation Software Developer, Aviation Data Analyst, and Systems Analyst for Aviation
E-commerceGrasping skills for the development of e-commerce, payment gateway integration, and cybersecurity for online transactions, MCA graduates can do well in the e-commerce field.E-commerce Developer, Payment Systems Engineer, and Cybersecurity Analyst
Travel & TourismOnline MCA program enhances an individual’s capability for data analytics, mobile app development, and system development, which are enough to provide valuable contributions to the travel and tourism industry.Tourism Data Analyst, Mobile App Developer, and Travel Technology Developer

Benefits of pursuing online MCA 

No wonder the trend of receiving online education has revolutionized the traditional approach to education. Distance learning or online education has provided access to quality education to all from the comfort of their own space while saving money on commuting and accommodation. If you are still wondering what are the benefits of pursuing an online MCA, then read on:

  1. Flexible study regime: The prime benefit of opting for an online MCA course over a campus program is that it allows one to plan a flexible studying schedule. Individuals can study whenever they want to at their preferred time in this online degree program. This flexibility comes as a boon for those who find it hard to pursue a traditional course with their personal or professional commitments.
  1. Low-cost education: Secondly, students can enjoy low-cost studying by choosing the online MCA course instead of the traditional campus way. This is the easiest way to save on accommodation and commuting costs by using just a computer or laptop and an internet connection.
  1. Removes the geographical constraints: The ultimate plus point of studying Master of Computer Applications online is that it helps break free from all geographical constraints. No matter, where you stay, you can still have access to high-quality education without relocating through an online MCA degree from institutions like Sikkim Manipal University through the Online Manipal platform.
  1. Aids in global networking: Another super advantage of pursuing MCA online is that it provides several opportunities to network with others, be it different industries or people. This distance education mode allows students to share insights with fellow students from different regions of the world without putting in much effort through digital means.
  1. Career advancement and flexibility: The remote learning experience and skill set gained during an online MCA course open doors to diverse career options. In short, an online Master of Computer Applications program helps individuals advance their careers with great flexibility.


In a nutshell, the continually evolving landscape of technology ensures that MCA professionals remain in high demand. Choose to pursue an online MCA course from Sikkim Manipal University through the Online Manipal platform, and you will pave the way for a successful career in the technical world. Expert faculty, 100% placement assistance, advanced learning systems, robust alumni network, and affordable fee structure are the prime benefits to reap by studying online Master of Computer Applications from SMU. Moreover, reading or hearing about the MCA graduates’ success stories will further motivate you to enroll in Sikkim Manipal University (SMU) for this popular degree program through the Online Manipal platform. 

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