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The 7 Ps of marketing mix model


Blog Date
July 4,

The 7Ps of marketing, also known as the marketing mix, is a concept established by E. Jerome McCarthy in the 1960s. The 7Ps comprise Product, Price, Place, Promotion, People, Process, and Physical evidence. 

A study by HubSpot found that businesses that use the 7Ps of marketing, be it digital marketing or traditional marketing ways are more likely to achieve their marketing goals. 

7 Ps of marketing mix 

Product, Price Place, Promotion, People, Process, and Physical evidence are the 7 Ps of marketing mix. The same mix can alse be considered for online marketing mix as well. Below we are discussing each P and how it contributes to effective marketing strategies. 

1. Product

The first P, Product, refers to the goods or services that a business offers its customers. In other words, the product is the physical or intangible offering that a business sells to its customers. The Product element of the 7Ps covers product design, quality, features, and packaging. To execute successful marketing, businesses must understand their target market and ensure their products align accordingly. 

According to the Content Marketing Institute, 73% of B2B marketers and 70% of B2C marketers use content marketing as part of their overall marketing strategy. 

2. Price 

The Price element of the 7Ps covers the cost of goods or services. The price is the amount of money that customers pay for a product. It is important to set a price that is both competitive and profitable.  

A study by McKinsey found that businesses that set prices based on value are more likely to be successful. Pricing strategies, such as discounts, bundling, and dynamic pricing, can significantly impact consumer behavior and shape purchase decisions. Different pricing strategies can also help businesses appeal to different demographics, such as premium pricing for luxury goods. 

As per a study by Nielsen, 70% of consumers are more likely to buy a product if it is priced competitively. According to IBM Institute for Business Value research report, half of consumers are willing to pay a premium for sustainability. Furthermore, discounts and deals are considered essential factors in driving consumer behavior. 

3. Place 

The Place element of the 7Ps refers to the distribution channels of the business. It can be a physical store, an online store, or a combination of both. The goal of this P is to make the products easily accessible to customers. 

As per a Deloitte study, shoppers are increasingly utilizing both online and offline shopping methods, often during the same shopping journey, in order to locate desired products at the optimal price point and utilizing the most convenient fulfillment method for their needs.  

4. Promotion

The Promotion element of the 7Ps pertains to the communication strategies employed to make potential customers aware of and attracted to the product. The various marketing channels used for promotions include advertising, public relations, sales promotion, and other channels through different media. A successful promotion strategy must align with the target audience and ensure the message is simple, and the content is visually appealing. 

A study by the Content Marketing Institute found that 80% of businesses use content marketing to promote their products and services. A study by HubSpot found that businesses that use social media marketing are more likely to achieve their marketing goals. 

5. People 

The people are the employees, customers, and other stakeholders who interact with a business. It is important to create a positive and memorable experience for these people. For example, ensuring customer service representatives respond politely and efficiently impacts customer satisfaction levels. 

A study conducted by Qualtrics and ServiceNow revealed that 80% of customers said they have switched brands because of poor customer experience. On treating internal people, an overwhelming 71% of employees in India are extremely or very concerned about being overlooked for career advancement opportunities as against 21% globally. This underscores the need to plan for robust and transparent talent recognition processes, finds a PwC study

6. Process 

The Process element of the 7Ps refers to the procedures and steps involved in delivering a product or service to the end-user. It is important to streamline the process and make it as efficient as possible. 

A study by the Aberdeen Group found that businesses that streamline their business processes are more likely to improve their customer satisfaction. In a Salesforce survey, 80% of customers say the experiences provided by a company are as important to them as its products and services. Moreover, a McKinsey study indicates that businesses that use data analytics to improve their business processes are more likely to be successful. 

7. Physical Evidence 

Lastly, the Physical Evidence element of the 7Ps refers to the tangible aspects of a product, including packaging, branding, and more. Ensuring the tangible aspect of a product aligns with the customer’s perception of the brand is essential in setting the business apart from competitors. 

As per National Retail Federation data, 72% of consumers are more likely to shop at a store that has a positive physical environment. An Epsilon research indicates 80% of consumers are more likely to make a purchase if brands offer them personalized experiences. 

7Ps of marketing mix

How many Ps are there in marketing strategy? 

The marketing mix is one of the marketing strategies organizations have traditionally used to sell their product. To lay the groundwork, the marketing mix is defined as a collection of marketing techniques that a firm uses to promote its brand or product in the marketplace.  

The approach was typically structured around the four pillars of marketing: product, price, location, and promotion. However, as marketing became more sophisticated, so have the approaches.  Later, it was expanded to 7Ps of online marketing strategy with the inclusion of People, Process, and Physical Evidence. 

To drive marketing choices at every level, businesses materialize the aspects of the marketing mix. It assists them in: 

  • Recognizing its assets and mitigating its flaws 
  • Becoming more adaptive and competitive 
  • Improving departmental and partner collaboration 

However, before you start using the 4Ps or 7Ps of marketing, you must first determine your target audience’s persona. Understanding who you’re selling to will help you determine the specifics of your marketing mix. Without it, you won’t be able to get started. 

You may also like to know these concepts – 4 A’s of marketing and 4 Cs of marketing

Importance of the 7Ps of marketing mix

The 7 Ps of marketing is a crucial concept for businesses to understand and implement in their marketing strategies. Each element plays an essential role in ensuring a successful marketing mix that aligns with the target audience and business goals. Listed below are the four important  

  • Understand the needs of their customers. The 7Ps help businesses to identify the needs of their target market and develop products and services that meet those needs. It can help businesses improve customer satisfaction levels, differentiate themselves from competitors, set realistic marketing goals, and maximize the effectiveness of their marketing budget. 
  • Develop a competitive strategy. The 7Ps help businesses to develop a competitive strategy by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of their competitors. Through this, organizations can determine areas that need improvement and optimize their marketing strategies to achieve better results. For example, a business might realize that their product pricing is higher than their competitors, leading them to reevaluate their pricing strategy to improve sales. 
  • Execute successful marketing campaigns. The 7Ps on online marketing help businesses to execute successful marketing campaigns by ensuring that all of the elements of the marketing mix are aligned. Incorporating relevant stats and figures into marketing campaigns can improve a business’s authority on the subject and improve search engine ranking. Utilizing keywords that potential customers might use when searching for products or services can also improve SEO ranking and increase visibility. 
  • Increase sales and profits. By using the 7Ps of marketing, businesses can increase sales and profits. Ensuring that the employees are trained in customer service and maintaining efficient processes can improve customer satisfaction levels and increase customer retention rates, that eventually turn into profits. 

How to use the 7Ps of marketing mix

The 7Ps of marketing can be used to plan and execute marketing campaigns for any type of business. Here are some tips on how to use the 7Ps: 

  • Start with the product: The product is the foundation of your marketing strategy. Make sure that your product is well-designed, high-quality, and meets the needs of your target market. 
  • Set a competitive price: The price of your product should be competitive with other products in your market. You should also consider the value of your product when setting a price. 
  • Choose the right place: Where you sell your product will have a big impact on your sales. You need to choose the right channels to reach your target market. 
  • Promote your product: You need to let people know about your product if you want them to buy it. Use a variety of marketing channels to reach your target market. 
  • Focus on the people: The people who interact with your business are the most important factor in your success. Make sure that you provide them with a positive and memorable experience. 
  • Streamline the process: The process of buying and using your product should be as easy and efficient as possible. Make sure that your website is easy to navigate and that your customer service is responsive. 
  • Create physical evidence: The physical evidence of your business should create a positive impression on customers. This includes the physical environment, the branding, and the customer service. 

Online MBA: Optimal choice for advanced marketing strategy

Online Manipal curates online MBA courses from top-notched institutions such as Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), and Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ). Marketing is one of the specializations in both these online postgraduate programs in management. These online MBAs in marketing help students learn all basic and advanced concepts in marketing

Online MBA from Manipal University Jaipur – course details 

Key features Details 
Course Level  Postgraduation  
Mode of education  Online  
Approvals/ accreditation UGC, ACU, NAAC A+, WES, ICES, AICTE, IQAS 
Duration  2 years (4 Semesters)  
Course fee Total Fees: INR 1,66,000 (all-inclusive), INR 41,500 per semester (includes an examination fee of INR 5,000) 
Eligibility > Candidates must have a 10 + 2 + 3-year bachelor’s degree from a recognized university/institution or an equivalent qualification as recognized by the Association of Indian Universities with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate in graduation (45% for reserved categories). 
> Candidates must clear Manipal University Jaipur’s online aptitude test as part of the application process. Candidates with a valid score (40 percentile) from any aptitude test (CAT/MAT/CMAT/XAT/GMAT) need not appear in the above test.   
Average salary INR 4 Lakh to 14 Lakh 

Know more about the admission process to enroll in an online degree at MUJ

Online MBA from Manipal Academy of Higher Education – course details 

Key features Details 
Course Level  Postgraduation  
Mode of education  Online  
Approvals/ accreditation Institute of Eminence, UGC, NAAC A++, WES, ICES, AICTE, IQAS
Duration  2 years (4 Semesters)  
Course fee Total Fees: INR 2,60,000 (INR 65,000 per semester) 
Eligibility & prior experience > Candidates must have a 10 + 2 + 3-year bachelor’s degree from a recognized university/institution or an equivalent qualification as recognized by the Association of Indian Universities with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate in graduation. 
> Candidates must have one year of work experience in reputed organizations. 
Average salary INR 8 Lakh to 20 Lakh 

Online MBA in Marketing curriculum at Manipal University Jaipur 

Semester 1 Semester 2 Semester 3 Semester 4 
Management Process and Organizational Behavior  Production and Operations Management  Research Methodology Strategic Management and Business Policy 
Business Communication  Financial Management Legal Aspects of Business International Business  
Statistics for Management  Marketing Management   Sales Distribution and Supply Chain Management Management Business Leadership 
Financial and Management Accounting Management Information System Consumer Behavior Services Marketing and Customer Relationship Management 
Managerial Economics Operations Research Retail Marketing Advertising Management and Sales Promotion 
Human Resource Management Project Management Marketing Research E-Marketing 
   International Marketing 

Learn more about online MBA marketing syllabus

Online MBA in Marketing curriculum at Manipal Academy of Higher Education 

Semester 1 Semester 2 Semester 3 Semester 4 
Managing People & Organizations Financial Management Management Accounting Entrepreneurship and Innovation* 
Financial Reporting & Statement Analysis Marketing Management Legal Aspects of Business Sustainability 
Managerial Economics Strategic Management Consumer Behavior Sales & Distribution Management 
Business Statistics IT for Business Digital Marketing Marketing Analytics 
Business Communication Business Leadership Services Marketing and Customer Relationship Management Integrated Marketing Communication 
 Research Methodology Minor Project Capstone Project 

Find out the admission process to enroll in an online MBA at MAHE

Mode of learning for online MBA 

  • Lectures, assignments, projects, and any other research work at Manipal University Jaipur are all done in English 
  • All programs are entirely accessible over the internet on an advanced learning management system (LMS) 
  • The LMS is used for teaching and assignment submission; credentials are given at the time of enrollment 
  • Students can access live webinars, doubt courses, guest sessions and reading materials at any time 
  • In their semester or final examinations, students must earn at least a 40% aggregate score 

Read more on learning methods of online degree programs

Placement assistance at Online Manipal 

  • The significance of placement drive in a student’s life cannot be overstated. The placement body’s major goal is to connect students with the top career options in marketing, sales, HR, finance, and other fields 
  • Personality skill development webinars, resume-building sessions, workshops and other activities are organized by the placement cell 
  • The online MBA program is specifically designed to prepare students to cope with challenges during the job 

You may be interested in understanding the benefits of online MBA with placement support


The 7 Ps of online marketing is an essential framework that can help businesses design effective marketing strategies and achieve their marketing goals. It provides businesses with a comprehensive approach to marketing, ensuring that each element aligns with the target audience and business goals. Understanding the importance of each element and incorporating relevant statistics and figures can improve authority on the subject, search engine ranking and achieve better marketing results. An MBA in marketing will help acquire advanced skills in marketing to achieve professional success. 


Information related to companies and external organizations is based on secondary research or the opinion of individual authors and must not be interpreted as the official information shared by the concerned organization.

Additionally, information like fee, eligibility, scholarships, finance options etc. on offerings and programs listed on Online Manipal may change as per the discretion of respective universities so please refer to the respective program page for latest information. Any information provided in blogs is not binding and cannot be taken as final.

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