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Role of data science professionals in finance

Data Science

Blog Date
February 28,

Data science has become important in finance over time. This is because financial institutions generate massive volumes of data, such as market, transaction, customer, and operational data, which may be used to acquire insights, improve decision-making, and optimize processes. Additionally, data science assists financial organizations in risk management by identifying prospective risks, analyzing the impact of risk events, and forecasting future risk events.

It aids in fraud detection since fraudsters frequently target financial institutions, and data science may be used to identify fraudulent activities. As a result, machine learning algorithms can assist in detecting suspicious trends in data, alerting investigators to probable fraudulent conduct.

Finally, data science can improve various operational procedures within financial institutions, including loan underwriting and account opening. This can result in increased efficiency, lower costs, and a better customer experience.

Skills Required by Data Scientists in Finance

Programming Skills Python, R, & Java Script
Practical SkillsTensorFlow & jQuery
Domain SkillsKnowledge about the finance industry
Mathematics SkillsStatistics, probability, & matrix

Data science in finance

There are numerous applications of data science in finance. Let’s look at them in depth below:

  1. Risk Analytics

Every organization faces some risks when conducting business. Thus, it has become critical to assess the risk before making any decisions. Risk management is identifying, assessing, and controlling the risks that arise while doing business.

A firm can increase its security and trustworthiness by utilizing risk analytics and data science. Data is at the heart of risk management and financial data analysis because it quantifies the severity of the harm and multiplies it by the frequency of loss. Any practitioner in the subject of risk management must be familiar with problem-solving, statistics, and math.

Data science in financial markets can help a company improve its effectiveness and security because data is at the heart of risk management.

  1. Real-Time Analytics

In conventional analytics, data processing used to occur in batches. That is, historical data processing was prevalent rather than real-time data processing. This generated issues for several industries that relied on real-time data to obtain insights into the current situation.

However, with technological improvements and the introduction of dynamic data pipelines, it has become possible to obtain data on the spot. Institutions can track transactions, credit scores, and other financial indicators using data science in finance applications without experiencing any latency.

  1. Fraud Detection

The scale of financial institutions has increased over time, as has the volume of individual and corporate transactions. While technology has made our lives easier, it has also violated our privacy and raised our chances of becoming victims of fraud and scams.

Financial organizations use data science to create models that can detect fraudulent transactions. Credit card fraud is the most widespread, and data science tools such as anomaly detection are used to detect fraud early and warn the client before the damage worsens.

  1. Robotic Process Automation

Companies’ routine and reconciliation operations are time-consuming, costing accountants hundreds of hours. By correlating transactions across many data sources, data scientists in finance could save time and resources for other vital activities, such as data migration, data input, and report generation. By delivering clear findings about customer data, robotic process automation (automating routine tasks) minimizes risk assessment and increases creditworthiness.

Every financial institution or bank can use data science to improve and automate its operations. It has the potential to change any business or organization significantly.

Application of data science in finance

Application of data science in finance
  1. Predictive Finance

Finance teams devote significant time and attention to budgeting, planning, and resource allocation and make final decisions over budgets, expenses, and finances. Thus, you must ensure that you are not overspending or under-spending.

Predictive finance analyzes data from many sources, detects patterns and trends, and forecasts whether the budget will likely produce the anticipated return on investment. The tool analyzes historical data to find repeating patterns and trends and recommends the best methods to spend resources.

It also aids in the improvement of supply chains. Supply chain inefficiencies can put a significant drain on revenues. Still, finance experts are utilizing predictive analytics in novel ways to enhance efficiency, such as grading vendors to discover who is most vulnerable to fraud or spotting equipment that may malfunction.

  1. Financial Data Visualization

Financial data visualization entails visualizing all data in the financial statements, profit and loss statements, and cash flow statements so that the financial team can readily examine the data and share trends, exceptions, and opportunities. Financial data visualizations turn static month-end results into a more compelling story that more employees in a company can grasp.

Financial data visualization streamlines financial reporting and provides financial analysts with access to analytics capabilities. Finance teams can spend less time preparing data and more time on valuable strategic projects.

Aside from that, it sheds light on how your customers engage with your company and assists you in identifying your most profitable customers. You can obtain a unified perspective of your consumers and their preferences and concentrate on retaining those customers that provide the most revenue for your company.

  1. Data Science in Investment Banking

The application of data science in investment banking is rapidly changing the face of the finance industry. Every bank seeks new ways to understand its customers better and promote client loyalty through improved operational efficiency. Banks seek to identify trends in massive amounts of transaction data to better interact with their customers.

Data science is also used in investment banking to monitor and price financial products. It also addresses consumer data management, as most data scientists use various techniques to isolate data that is important to them. They may discover more about consumer behavior, priorities, and other topics by evaluating this data.


Data science has grown in importance in the financial business. Better analysis results in better judgments, which increases profit for financial firms. If you want to become a financial data scientist or improve your current data science abilities, enroll in Manipal Academy of Higher Education’s data science course. We at Online Manipal will provide you with more work possibilities after course completion and allow you to take that next step in your professional life.

Key takeaways:

  • Data scientists in finance must comprehend the company they work for, the financial products they analyze, and the regulatory framework in which they operate.
  • Finance data scientists must be well-versed in statistics, mathematics, and computer science.
  • Finance data scientists must be skilled in machine learning and artificial intelligence. These tools can be used to create predictive models that can assist businesses in better understanding customer behavior, detecting fraud, and automating financial procedures.


Information related to companies and external organizations is based on secondary research or the opinion of individual authors and must not be interpreted as the official information shared by the concerned organization.

Additionally, information like fee, eligibility, scholarships, finance options etc. on offerings and programs listed on Online Manipal may change as per the discretion of respective universities so please refer to the respective program page for latest information. Any information provided in blogs is not binding and cannot be taken as final.

  • TAGS
  • data science
  • Finance
  • Online MBA for working professionals
  • Online MSC Data Science

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