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Information Technology

How to become a full stack developer?

Online Manipal Editorial Team | September 24, 2022

Full stack developers specialise in both front-end and back-end web development. The ability to build an entire web application from scratch requires full stack development skills, which are always in demand. To become a full-stack developer, you must first understand two fundamental web development concepts: the front end and the back end.

Front-end developer

Front-end web development is also called the client-side or customer-facing side, referring to all of the elements of a computer application with which users directly interact. Front-end developers build and optimise visible parts of a website so that they are adaptive to various viewing environments such as smartphones, tablets, and desktop computers. To create an engaging site, they use client-facing programming languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Back-end developer

A back-end developer necessitates programmers to create and refine the internal software that runs a company’s databases, servers, and proprietary software. Back-end developers are in charge of creating the pathways that deliver information to and from front-end interface users.

Full Stack Developer

A full stack developer is a web programmer who makes websites and web applications. The term “full stack” refers to the entire front and back-end architecture of a website or application. Full stack professionals, as one might expect, can address both sides of website development. A full stack developer is skilled in several technologies that aid in the development of a robust tech product and thus plays a vital role in a company’s decision-making. It is one of the most in-demand positions in the software industry.

Benefits of being a Full Stack Developer 

The following are the advantages of being a full stack developer-

  • Full stack developers are well versed in front- and back-end technologies, so they can easily switch projects when necessary.
  • Full stack developers have a diverse skill set, because of which they can perform a wide range of tasks and work on a variety of projects.
  • Full stack developers reduce project communication gaps because, in most cases, they can implement changes independently.

What does a full stack developer do?

The following are the responsibilities of a full stack developer –

  • Design prototypes and build websites with the user interface team.
  • Manage all steps of website development.
  • Communicating with customers to assess product effectiveness
  • Manage all databases and server-related administration duties. Manage all user interactions via front-end architecture.
  • Know back-end design and development, including at least one framework associated with the language of choice.
  • Ensure all platforms, including Linux, macOS, and Windows, run smoothly.
  • Know the front end and any related frameworks.
  • Create APIs that are responsible for data retrieval.
  • Knowledge of database and server administration is required for website functionality.
  • Meet both technical and consumer demands.

You may also like: Steps on how to become a system administrator

Concepts you need to master to become a full stack developer

The knowledge of the following is essential for becoming a full-stack developer:

Bootstrap – Bootstrap is an open-source front-end framework for developing modern apps. It is one of the most effective full-stack frameworks, with CSS and JavaScript-based design templates. If you want to work as a full-stack developer, you should learn more about Bootstrap.

JAVA – Java is a versatile programming language. It can be used to create web, desktop, and mobile applications. Furthermore, Java has a plethora of frameworks that help to simplify the process of back-end development.

CSS – CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a tool for designing and styling a website, and it also helps in determining the look of a website. It is important for full stack developers to know the same elements of HTML as it can be presented effectively only through the knowledge of CSS. 

HTML – HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is used for adding web content and helps determine the look of a website. Full stack developers need to know the same as they have to use it to define the structure of web pages using markup.

Javascript – It is an essential skill for becoming a full stack developer. The object-oriented scripting language is primarily used for adding HTML behaviours. Javascript is one of the most popular languages used for coding, whether front-end or back-end code, and is the only language that can be used in the browser and the server.

SQL- SQL or Structured Query Language is an important tool for manipulating relational databases. Apart from that, it allows for faster deletion and inserting of records, as well as the execution of tasks such as creating new tables, establishing table permissions, and running file queries against databases.

Object-Oriented Programming – Object-oriented programming is a fundamental programming paradigm used by many programming languages, including C and Java. It is the process of modelling a system as a collection of objects, with each object representing a different aspect of the system. Objects are made up of both functions (or methods) and data. An object provides a public interface to other code that wishes to use it while maintaining its own private, internal state; other parts of the system are not required to be concerned with what is happening inside the object.

DBMS – A database management system is a software used to manage databases. These are widely used in a variety of applications. DBMS provides an interface for performing various operations such as database creation, data storage, data updating, table creation in the database, and much more. It ensures the database’s safety and security, and data consistency in the case of multiple users.

Steps to become a full stack developer

Roadmap for a full stack developer

The following is the roadmap for a full stack developer –

Identify the skills required 

Each learner’s path will differ slightly depending on their prior experience and skill set. To become a developer, you will need specialised training and project experience if you are a complete beginner so choose a full stack developer course accordingly. The same is true for amateurs, who will need to learn much more than professional developers who want to advance in their careers. The skills required include mastering HTML, Javascript, CSS, Java, Object Oriented Programming, SQL, etc.

Decide a timeline 

You will need to decide on a particular timeline for your educational journey and whether you want to take a part-time course alongside your current job or a full-time course to land a job as soon as possible. You will also have to decide whether you want theory focused education or a quick learning skills-based one.

Develop a portfolio

Portfolios are the first impression of you in front of the interviewer. If you have done any particular project, you need to show them. It would be best to mention the technologies you have used and your role and provide proof of the same. As a full stack developer, you should show excellent technical skills.

Start a job search

You’re ready to start job hunting once you’ve built a portfolio with two or more polished projects. Although it can be intimidating, a proper resume and skill set can catch the attention of a hiring manager. Make a point of defining your career goals ahead of time, getting feedback on your cover letter, and tailoring your resume to the specific positions you’re applying for. Contact companies directly, attend career fairs, and sign up for weekly job alerts.

Give the interview

Before giving the interview, hone your skills and attempt the interview confidently. Showcase your skills, and prepare for verbal explanations.

What is the demand for a full stack developer?

Reasons for the increasing demand for full stack developers:

Scarcity of qualified professionals

While the world is seeing an increase in professionals, they are also seeing a lack of skills and expertise to hold the responsibilities of a mid-level executive or team leader and developer. The term “lack of job-ready force” refers to a system of professionals who are not prepared to be left alone to carry out product development.

Expanding job opportunities

With the enormous profits that come with hiring a full stack developer, companies, mostly startups with a financial clock that is constantly ticking, prefer to hire them over individual stack developers.

Landscapes of growth

The industry’s massive growth promises are driving the rising demand for full stack development experts. The expansion of the startup culture in all corners of the world is a feature of the sectors facing a significant demand increase from all projections of the industry.

Extensive demand

This is a highly sought-after profession. From startups to large enterprises, full stack engineers are in high demand across all sectors of the economy. The demand from businesses for full-stack developers has increased as a result of their persistent superior performance over partial job specialists.

How much does a full stack developer earn?

It is quite difficult to select a career in technology because it often becomes obsolete. It is important to choose an option that stays in demand for years and does not become obsolete. Full stack development is one such option. The need for full stack developers is increasing. And businesses are desperate for talented individuals who can work with both HTML and PHP. Companies are willing to pay significantly more to talented freshers and experienced senior professionals in response to the rising demand.

Having the necessary skills and staying updated with the latest developments in the industry are the most important things on which the salary scale depends. The pay scale of a full stack developer will vary based on main factors like experience, skills, location, and company. . The cities with a shortage of talent for technical roles offer the highest salary to a full stack developer to attract more qualified and experienced professionals for the job. So, what is the salary of a full stack developer in India? The average salary of a Full Stack Developer in India is approximately ₹ 6.5 Lakhs per year. 

Full stack developer salary in India – Based on experience

The more years of experience a full stack developer will have, the higher their pay package is likely to be. Let’s see how the salary of a full stack developer in India varies with experience.

  • Fresher full stack developer’s salary – The average starting salary of a full stack developer in India is around ₹2.4 Lakhs per year. There are various full stack developer jobs available for freshers in India.
  • Experienced full stack developer’s salary – A senior full stack developer salary in India is about  ₹ 17.0  Lakhs per year.

How does a BCA degree lay a strong foundation for a full stack developer?

Completing a degree in computer science or a related field is the first step toward becoming a full stack developer. You can earn a Bachelor of Engineering or a Bachelor of Technology in computer science. Some employers may prefer candidates who have a Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) or a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in computer science. Completing your graduation can help you persuade hiring managers that you have basic and advanced coding skills.

As a full stack developer, you will most likely use various programming languages, such as SQL, JavaScript, and Python, depending on the project requirements. Understanding these front-end applications can help you create websites with a variety of patterns and concepts. Proficiency in languages like HTML and CSS can help you build a strong foundation. You can learn all these fundamental programming languages in a BCA course.

Apart from the aesthetics and layout of a website or web application, developers must be familiar with development frameworks and tools. Often, hiring managers prefer candidates who have an in-depth understanding of how frameworks and libraries call the code into action. It is most useful in back-end and front-end development. This position requires a basic understanding of jquery, Angularjs, and REACT, which you can learn in a BCA programme.

Every website or web application necessitates the use of a database to store data. A solid understanding and proficiency with various databases, such as MongoDB, and SQL, is required for the position of a full stack developer, which is a part of the BCA curriculum.

You can fine-tune your programming and database skills by creating basic websites, designing them, and accessing them from various devices. The more you practice, the more you’ll understand design and deployment. It can aid in the development of interactive and visually appealing websites and web applications. You can do all this while pursuing a BCA course.

Also read: How can BCA graduates increase their earning potential?

Hone your software skills with an online MCA degree

The MCA course will teach students how to create better computer applications and software. Numerous career opportunities are associated with the MCA degree, and students may find excellent employment opportunities in top IT firms, MNCs, and consulting firms. Candidates with advanced computer skills are in high demand in the IT industry, and MCA graduates will also have numerous opportunities in the government sector. Candidates can pass interviews and obtain desired positions based on their skills and calibre. Candidates must be able to work on live projects as entry-level programmers and maintain software and applications.

Check out: Top 5 MCA job choices you have after getting a UGC-approved online degree?

Prefer Manipal University Jaipur for quality online education

The online BCA programme at Manipal University Jaipur aims to provide students with exceptional skills in software development, enabling them to succeed in the software industry. It also teaches students how to develop their soft skills. This Bachelor of Computer Applications program seeks to develop competent and motivated individuals who can excel professionally with their academic skills.

The department’s goal is to provide high-quality training to students using cutting-edge computer technology. To ensure that students are well-prepared to deal with the constant changes in the field of information technology, the department regularly updates the academic syllabus. The curriculum is intended to be flexible and broad in scope, integrating advanced technologies while ensuring that students comprehend the basics.

Conclusion

A full stack developer is skilled in several technologies that aid in the development of a robust tech product and thus plays an important role in a company’s decision-making. It is one of the most in-demand positions in the software industry. Full stack developers work on important problems that require data analysis. They individually evaluate their work while adhering to employee standards. It is highly regarded and relied upon by full stack developers to offer solutions to experiments that require challenging practice. Web developers that work across the entire stack continue to advance technically. They enable cross-sectional gatherings to discuss needs and product concepts. Full stack developers must work effectively to maintain relationships with suppliers and technical partners. To maintain a strong technological orientation for their business, they should keep up with relevant technology and market developments.

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