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Data modelling and how to go about doing it in 2023

The process of conceptually representing data, including the connections between various data items, is known as data modelling. Data organization, structure, and simplification are the goals of data modelling, which aims to make data simpler and easier to comprehend, use, and analyze. The representation of data models can take several forms, including diagrams, flowcharts, and mathematical equations.  

Data gif

Types of data modelling 

Data modelling approaches come in a variety of forms, including conceptual, logical, and physical data modelling. 

Conceptual data modelling 

Figure 1: Conceptual data model 

Conceptual data modelling is the technique of representing the data at a high level without focusing on the finer points. It is used to establish a shared understanding of the data requirements and focuses on the meaning and linkages of the data. 

Logical data modelling 

Figure 2: Logical data model 

The process of constructing a thorough representation of the data, including the connections between various data items and the rules and restrictions that apply to the data, is known as logical data modelling. There is no one particular technology or database management system that this kind of data modelling is depending on. 

Physical data modelling 

Figure 3: Physical data model

The process of developing a representation of the data that may be used in a particular technology or database management system is known as physical data modelling. It contains specifics like data types, storage architectures, and access techniques. 

Benefits of data modelling 

In data science initiatives, data modelling has a number of benefits, including: 

  • Organization: Data modelling aids in structuring and organizing data in a way that makes it simple to comprehend and use. 
  • Possibilities for prediction: Data modelling allows for the prediction of future trends and patterns in the data. 
  • Finding connections: Data modelling can be used to find links and relationships between various data items, which is helpful in finding patterns and trends. 
  • Simplification: Large and complex datasets can be summarized and made easier to understand and deal with through the use of data modelling. 
  • In order to handle vast amounts of data and numerous users, data models can be made to be scalable. 

Data modelling tools 

Some of the most well-liked data modelling tools as of 2021 that you might wish to get to know in 2023 include: 

  • ER/Studio is an all-inclusive data modelling application that provides data integration, design, and architecture for various data platforms. 
  • This visual tool for creating and managing MySQL databases is called MySQL Workbench. It enables the building of intricate SQL scripts and supports both forward and reverse engineering. 
  • ER diagrams, flowcharts, and other diagrams can be created using the web-based data modelling tool Lucidchart. Additionally, it has a function for integrated collaboration. 
  • PowerDesigner is an all-inclusive data modelling application that provides data integration, design, and architecture for various data platforms. 
  • DataGrip is a cross-platform data modelling tool that works with MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, and SQL Server among other database management systems. 
  • A visual tool for managing MongoDB databases is called MongoDB Compass. It offers a GUI for managing users and indexes and allows you to explore and analyze the data. 
  • DBeaver is a free, open-source, multi-platform SQL client and database administration application. It runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS and supports all popular DBMS. 

It’s important to keep in mind that the acceptance of data modelling tools varies based on the use case, sector, and location. It’s crucial to consider which tool would be ideal for your organization’s needs. 

You may like to read tools covered in online M.Sc. in Data Science program at MAHE. 


Data modelling is the process of creating a representation of data in a specific format that can be used for analysis, storage, and other purposes. In 2023, data modelling continues to be an important part of data science, machine learning, and other fields that rely on large amounts of data. Techniques such as neural networks, decision trees, and clustering are commonly used to create models that can accurately predict outcomes or identify patterns in data. Additionally, data modelling has become more important in the age of big data, as it allows organizations to process and make sense of large amounts of data in real-time. With the emergence of new technologies such as edge computing, data modelling is evolving to become more efficient and more effective at handling large datasets. 

If you would like to learn more about data modelling, enroll in online M.Sc. in Data Science program at Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE). It covers end-to-end aspects of data science to prepare you for the future. 


Information related to companies and external organizations is based on secondary research or the opinion of individual authors and must not be interpreted as the official information shared by the concerned organization.

Additionally, information like fee, eligibility, scholarships, finance options etc. on offerings and programs listed on Online Manipal may change as per the discretion of respective universities so please refer to the respective program page for latest information. Any information provided in blogs is not binding and cannot be taken as final.

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  • Online MSC Data Science

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